5th September -14th September 

We have been practicing how to write our names and have created wonderful self portraits. We have even had a go at labeling features such as our body, legs and head. 

Here is a few examples....

24th September - 5th October 

We have been studying the story The Leafman. We have had so much fun making and labeling our own Leafman.

8th October - 19th October

We have been looking at the story, Owl Babies. We have made our own puppets to retell the story, we spoke about and recorded who the character were and we even had a go at making our own Owl Babies book. 

29th October - 9th November 

We have been looking at the story of Hansel and Gretel. We have been retelling the story in the outdoor area and creating 'role on the walls' to describe the characters. This is in preparation for writing our character descriptions next week. Some children have even made their own gingerbread house from the story in the creative area. 

5th November - 16th November 

We have been reading the story How to Catch a Star. The children loved the idea of using a rocket to catch a star so we have been working on designing and making our own rocket. We will be writing our own instructions on how to launch a rocket too. 

19th November - 30th November

We have been learning how to write a letter. We have looked at the features of a letter and what we need in order to send it to the correct place. We then wrote our own wish list letter to Father Christmas and took a trip to the post office to send it to the North Pole.

3rd December - 20th December 

 We took a trip to Gulliver's World to meet Father Christmas. We did lots of wonderful things and in literacy we decided to write a recount to record our amazing day. 

7th January - 18th January 

We had a visit from the police. This inspired us to research how the police help us and we created our own information booklets. 

21st January - 1st February 

We have been looking at the story of The Enormous Turnip. The children have been learning to retell the story in their own words and they will be making their own storybooks too.

Watch the story here...

3rd February - 15th February 

This week we read The Naughty Bus. We loved it that much we decided to write our own version of what happened when it became a night bus. We even had a visit from the naughty bus himself. 


This week we have been exploring the story 'We're Going on a Bear Hunt.' However, we have put a twist on the story and changed it to 'We're going on a learning hunt.' We have come up with strategies we would use if we got stuck in the 'learning pit.' The children now know to keep trying, never give up and believe they can do it.  

11.3.19 - 22.3.19

We were inspired by our world book day celebration and have continued learning about 'The Day the Crayons Quit.' 

We have explored what the different colours may draw and have prepared a letter to send to them to make sure they do not quit. 


This week we are exploring Handa's Surprise. We have been talking about the healthy foods she puts in her basket and we have had a little taste test to sample fruits we may never have tried before. We are now preparing to create our own Handa surprise book by retelling the story in our own words. 

22.4.19 -3.5.19 

This week we have been creating our own transition booklet all about our big move the Year 1. We went on walk and took pictures of our new classroom so we know where to hang our coats and put our lunchboxes. We have also been looking at different grown-ups we might see in the big school. It has been great fun. 


This week we have been learning all about mini-beasts and we have been creating our own fact file about them. We even had a visit from the Chester Zoo Safari Rangers to inspire our writing. 


A balance between Letters and Sounds and Read Write Inc is the resource we use in Reception. Children begin the Letters and Sounds programme whilst attending our nursery. During this time they will explore Phase 1 which focuses on environmental sounds, rhyme,rhythm and alliteration. This best prepares the children as they start Reception, often meaning that the children are ready to begin phase 2.

Every child in Reception has a 15-20 minute phonics session every morning.

As mentioned above, the Letters and Sounds programme is separated from Phase 1 to Phase 6. Below, you will find links that explain each Phase further. 

Phase 1 - Letters & Sounds

Phase 1 is the very start of your child's journey. It is all about listening to sounds and learning to discriminate between different sounds. The Phase focuses on sounds in everyday life rather than sounds in words. Phase 1 lays the essential foundations for all the learning that follows. If your child cannot identify individual sounds in the everyday world and differentiate between them e.g. a car horn and a boiling kettle, then they will struggle to begin hearing the separate sounds that make up words.

Phase 2

In Phase 2 children are introduced to letters (and the corresponding sounds) for the first time. Below you will see an overview of the main teaching content of this phase.

In Phase 2 children are taught 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.

 Set 1

s / a / t / p 

 Set 2

 i / n / m / d

 Set 3

 g / o / c / k

 Set 4

ck / e / u / r 

 Set 5

 h / b / f, ff / l, ll / ss


Children are encouraged to begin 'blending' sounds into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) words like at, sat & pat.

Nonsense words, such as 'tas' are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Mis-spelt words (which are phonetically correct) are also allowable e.g. pas. In time, children will be shown the correct spelling. Remember, the initial focus is on reading; blending separate sounds into words.

As children learn all the Sets in Phase 2, they will be able to read an increasing number of words.

You will notice that 'double consonants' (ff / ss / ll) are taught early. This illustrates to children that sometimes more than one letter can represent a single sound. In the case of these letters it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children are taught that this is not always the case.

The grapheme 'ck' is taught in Phase 2 as it features in many of the early words that children learn e.g. back, neck and sack.

Phase 3

In Phase 3 children continue to use all the sounds they were taught in Phase 2. In addition, they are taught additional sounds (phonemes) and the letters / groups of letters that represent them (graphemes). 

In this Phase a further 25 letters and graphemes are taught. The final two sets of letters are taught first.

 Set 6

 j / v / w / x

 Set 7

 y / z, zz / qu


Once Sets 6 & 7 have been taught children learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound e.g. the grapheme 'ai' represents one sound in the word 'rain'.

Click on each grapheme below to download a set of A5 flashcards with words containing this grapheme. Practise reading these with your child.



(as in chip)


(as in shop)


(as in thin)


(as in then)


(as in ring)


(as in rain)


(as in feet)


(as in night)


(as in book)


(as in boot)


(as in farm)


(as in for)


(as in hurt)


(as in cow)


(as in coin)


(as in dear)


(as in fair)


(as in sure)


(as in her)



*The grapheme 'th' represents more than one sound. You may need to listen carefully to hear the difference.

**The grapheme 'oo' also represents more than one sound.

 Useful Resources 

Hear each letter sound. We are often asked how each letter (or pair of letters) is pronounced. The link below will take you to the BBC Phonics tool which will enable you to hear the pronunciation of each sound.

Click here to hear each letter sound.

Phonics Play

Tricky Word Song