2nd September -13th September 

We have been practicing how to write our names and have created wonderful self portraits. We have even had a go at labeling features such as our body, legs and head. 

Here is a few examples....

16th September - 27th September

This week we have been learning all about the Autumn and have explored the story of the leafman. We have developed skills like identifying initial sounds and we have been able to build our own leafman and label with support. 

30th September - 18th October

We had a visit from our local police officers who taught us how the police are important and what their job entails. The children were so fascinated by this visit it inspired lots of writing opportunities such as drawing and labelling our own police officer. It also captured our imagination and we loved taking on the role of cops and robbers. 

21st October - 25th October 

The children were extremely excited about Halloween this week so we decided to have a spooky week and explore the story Room on the Broom. The week began by exploring the outdoor area where we found a witches hat, bow, wand and broom (all the things she lost in the story.) We explored the story and created our story maps to help us retell the story in our own words. The children then went on to creating their own rhyming potions, potions that used initial sounds or potions that involved writing a list of CVC word. The children were truly captivated by this. 

4th November - 15th November 

Inspired by bonfire night, the children shown a great interest in rockets and space. We took this interest on board and read a wonderful story about Margaret and the moon. This is an inspirational story for any young girl as it is based on a true story about Margaret Hamilton, without Margaret's hard work and clever thinking the lunar landings may never have happened. The children went on to explore rocket launches and created their own instructions and labelled images of a rocket. 

18th November - 29th November 

We have been preparing our letters to send to Father Christmas. We have been gathering information about what our letter needs such as an envelope with an address and stamp. We then went for a walk to our local post office where we bought our stamp and then posted our letter.


A balance between Letters and Sounds and Read Write Inc is the resource we use in Reception. Children begin the Letters and Sounds programme whilst attending our nursery. During this time they will explore Phase 1 which focuses on environmental sounds, rhyme,rhythm and alliteration. This best prepares the children as they start Reception, often meaning that the children are ready to begin phase 2.

Every child in Reception has a 15-20 minute phonics session every morning.

As mentioned above, the Letters and Sounds programme is separated from Phase 1 to Phase 6. Below, you will find links that explain each Phase further. 

Phase 1 - Letters & Sounds

Phase 1 is the very start of your child's journey. It is all about listening to sounds and learning to discriminate between different sounds. The Phase focuses on sounds in everyday life rather than sounds in words. Phase 1 lays the essential foundations for all the learning that follows. If your child cannot identify individual sounds in the everyday world and differentiate between them e.g. a car horn and a boiling kettle, then they will struggle to begin hearing the separate sounds that make up words.

Phase 2

In Phase 2 children are introduced to letters (and the corresponding sounds) for the first time. Below you will see an overview of the main teaching content of this phase.

In Phase 2 children are taught 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.

 Set 1

s / a / t / p 

 Set 2

 i / n / m / d

 Set 3

 g / o / c / k

 Set 4

ck / e / u / r 

 Set 5

 h / b / f, ff / l, ll / ss


Children are encouraged to begin 'blending' sounds into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) words like at, sat & pat.

Nonsense words, such as 'tas' are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Mis-spelt words (which are phonetically correct) are also allowable e.g. pas. In time, children will be shown the correct spelling. Remember, the initial focus is on reading; blending separate sounds into words.

As children learn all the Sets in Phase 2, they will be able to read an increasing number of words.

You will notice that 'double consonants' (ff / ss / ll) are taught early. This illustrates to children that sometimes more than one letter can represent a single sound. In the case of these letters it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children are taught that this is not always the case.

The grapheme 'ck' is taught in Phase 2 as it features in many of the early words that children learn e.g. back, neck and sack.

Phase 3

In Phase 3 children continue to use all the sounds they were taught in Phase 2. In addition, they are taught additional sounds (phonemes) and the letters / groups of letters that represent them (graphemes). 

In this Phase a further 25 letters and graphemes are taught. The final two sets of letters are taught first.

 Set 6

 j / v / w / x

 Set 7

 y / z, zz / qu


Once Sets 6 & 7 have been taught children learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound e.g. the grapheme 'ai' represents one sound in the word 'rain'.

Click on each grapheme below to download a set of A5 flashcards with words containing this grapheme. Practise reading these with your child.



(as in chip)


(as in shop)


(as in thin)


(as in then)


(as in ring)


(as in rain)


(as in feet)


(as in night)


(as in book)


(as in boot)


(as in farm)


(as in for)


(as in hurt)


(as in cow)


(as in coin)


(as in dear)


(as in fair)


(as in sure)


(as in her)



*The grapheme 'th' represents more than one sound. You may need to listen carefully to hear the difference.

**The grapheme 'oo' also represents more than one sound.

 Useful Resources 

Hear each letter sound. We are often asked how each letter (or pair of letters) is pronounced. The link below will take you to the BBC Phonics tool which will enable you to hear the pronunciation of each sound.

Click here to hear each letter sound.

Phonics Play

Tricky Word Song